Short Time Delay Does Not Hinder Haptic Communication Benefits
Haptic communication, the exchange of force and tactile information during dancing or moving a table together, has been shown to benefit the performance of human partners. Similarly, it could also be used to improve the performance of robots working in contact with a human operator. As we move to more robot integrated workspaces, how common network features such as delay or jitter impact haptic communication need to be better understood. Here using a human-like interactive robotic controller, that has been found to be indistinguishable by humans to human interaction, we evaluate how subjects’ performance and perception is altered by varying levels of transmission delay. We find that subjects are able to recognise haptic delay at very small levels within haptic interaction. However, while they are consciously aware of the delay they can only compensate for it up until a certain point, after which they perceive it as the addition of noise/impedance into the system.